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Understanding CBD

Keywords

CANNABIS      The specific botanical name for the plant genus, of which there are two primary species types:  Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa.  While hemp is only derived from the latter, marijuana can be sourced from either.  It is wrong to interchangeably use the term cannabis with marijuana, although it is frequently done.

HEMP     Derived from the plant Cannabis Sativa, Hemp is the term used to refer to Cannabis varieties that by definition contain 0.3% or less of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive cannabinoid.  By law, Hemp must contain 0.3% or less THC by dry weight to be considered hemp and Federally legal (Agricultural Act of 2018.)  The non-intoxicating cannabis.

CBD     Cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid, one of over 110 such compounds naturally found in the cannabis plant.  CBD is the main active ingredient derived from the hemp plant, with no psychoactive properties.  While CBD is probably the most studied of all of the cannabinoids, there is a lack of pure scientific trial data due to the only recent (2018) legalization of hemp by the US Farm Bill.

CBC      Cannabichromene is one of the minor cannabinoids.  Like CBD, it is not psychoactive.  CBC has been found to have significant anti-inflammatory properties and is believed to also have anti-depressant and mood elevating properties.

CBG     Cannabigerol is another minor cannabinoid.  Like CBD, it is not psychoactive.  CBG has anti-inflammatory properties and has had promising results in studies of depression and anxiety.  Compared to CBD, it is found in very small amounts in the cannabis plant.

CBN     Cannabinol, a minor cannabinoid, sometimes referred as the neurologic cannabinoid, is found in small quantities in the cannabis plant, and increases as the plant ages.  It is very similar molecularly to THC but has no psychoactive properties.  CBN is considered to be the most sedating of the cannabis plant derived compounds and only interacts with CB1 brain receptors.  It should be considered as a sleep aid, and only taken prior to bedtime.  Non-addicting.  Very recent evidence (1/2022) suggests it may have neuroprotective properties versus oxidative stress for brain cells.  (see Educational Links).             

D-9 -THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)     THC is the phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis plant and is the main psychoactive compound in marijuana.  Found in the resin produced by the leaves and buds of primarily the female cannabis plant.

MARIJUANA     The term used to classify varieties of Cannabis that contain more than 0.3% THC.  A plant bred for its THC content can have as much as 30% THC by dry weight.

 HEMP OIL     Derived from plant seeds of Cannabis Sativa.  Contains no CBD or THC.  Used for skin health and orally as a supplement, food additive or for cooking.  Same as hemp seed oil.

TERPENES     Aromatic compounds found in cannabis plants, with potential clinical properties.

FLAVONOIDS     Naturally occurring compounds found in cannabis plants, known to have antioxidant and other properties.

FULL SPECTRUM CBD     Contains all of the naturally occurring compounds in the cannabis plant, including multiple cannabinoids (CBD, CBG, CBN et al), terpenes and flavonoids, and up to 0.3% THC for legal products.

BROAD SPECTRUM CBD     The same contents as Full Spectrum, except has no THC.

CBD ISOLATE     Pure CBD cannabinoid, with no other chemical components unless specifically added back to the isolate.

ENTOURAGE EFFECT     Refers to the idea that a biologically active compound can have an enhanced or diminished biological effect when combined with other compounds than when otherwise used alone.  First espoused as a hypothetical in regard to cannabis compounds in 1998, specifically for THC and CBD, and CBD and terpenes, it remains unproven, but is invariably used in marketing by companies promoting Full and Broad Spectrum CBD.

EPIDIOLEX     The only current FDA approved prescription CBD oil drug (2018), indicated for the treatment of seizures in two rare and severe forms of epilepsy.  Research trials in progress by the same company, GW Pharmaceuticals (now, Jazz Pharmaceuticals), focus on CBD for Parkinson’s, MS, autism and schizophrenia.

MCT     Medium Chain Triglycerides are partially man-made fats generally made by processing coconut and palm kernel oils in a laboratory.  Commonly found in dairy products, they may contribute to weight loss by reducing body fat and increasing fullness.  MCT will not affect cholesterol levels, but may produce a small increase in triglycerides.  The MCT in our tinctures is organic and pure.

Pin High CBD LLC - PO Box 298 - Glenville, North Carolina 28736 - Email: support@PinHighCbd.com - Phone: 828-743-8191